Alexander Graham Bell Biyografisi İngilizce
Alexander Graham Bell was borned March 3, 1847. He was an eminent scientist, inventor, engineer and innovator who is credited with inventing the first practical telephone.
Bell’s father, grandfather, and brother had all been associated with work on elocution and speech, and both his mother and wife were deaf, profoundly influencing Bell’s life’s work.His research on hearing and speech further led him to experiment with hearing devices which eventually culminated in Bell being awarded the first US patent for the telephone in 1876. In retrospect, Bell considered his most famous invention an intrusion on his real work as a scientist and refused to have a telephone in his study.
Many other inventions marked Bell’s later life, including groundbreaking work in optical telecommunications, hydrofoils and aeronautics. In 1888, Bell became one of the founding members of the National Geographic Society.He has been described as one of the most influential figures in human history.
Alexander Graham Bell, who was unable to complete the university program of his youth, received numerous Honorary Degrees from academic institutions, including:
Gallaudet College in Washington, D.C. (PhD) in 1880
Harvard University in Cambridge, Massachusetts (LL.D) in 1896
University of Würzburg in Würzburg, Bavaria (PhD) in 1902
University of Edinburgh in Edinburgh, Scotland (LL.D) in April 1906
Queen’s University in Kingston, Ontario in 1909
Dartmouth College in Hanover, New Hampshire (LL.D) on June 25, 1913
Bell died of complications arising from diabetes on August 2, 1922, at his private estate, Beinn Bhreagh, Nova Scotia, at age 75. Bell had also been afflicted with pernicious anemia. His last view of the land he had inhabited was by moonlight on his mountain estate at 2:00 A.M. While tending to her husband after his long illness, Mabel whispered, “Don’t leave me.” By way of reply, Bell traced the sign for no—and then he expired.